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The Monuments to Book Personages

The book personages from the works by M.A. Sholokhov had been embodied in sculpture in the writer’s lifetime.

A model of the sculpture “Grigoriy Melekhov” (other name variants: “Bad Roads”, “Painful Thinkings”). 1941.
Sculptor: Serghey Grigoriyevich Korolkov (1905-1967).
The fate of the sculpture is unknown. Most probably it was destroyed during the first occupation of Rostov by the German fascist army (on November, 21-29, 1941).
In one of his letters V.I. Mikhailov (the artist’s neighbour in the 30-40-s) depicted the sculptures: “Grigoriy is slowly riding on horseback in the steppe. The halter dropped, the horse is stepping deliberately and wearily, his master is sitting stoopped in the saddle with his head droopped. The whole posture of Grigoriy shows his deep and grave thinkings”.

Ded Shchukar (a fragment). 1980.
Sculptor: Nikolay Vasiliyevich Mozhayev (1928), the Honoured Artist of the Ukrainian SSR, the Sholokhov Prize laureate.
Co-author: N.V. Solodov.
Material: gypsum tone.
Size: 1,5-full-size.
It is kept in the collection of the Mozhayev Fine Art Museum, the Rostov Region.

Nakhalyonok (Bastard) (a fragment). 1980.
Sculptor: Nikolay Vasiliyevich Mozhayev (1928), the Honoured Artist of the Ukrainian SSR, the Sholokhov Prize laureate.
Material: gypsum tone.
Size: 1,5-full-size.
It is kept in the collection of the Mozhayev Fine Art Museum, the Rostov Region.

A monument to Ermakov Kharlampiy Vasiliyevich, a prototype of Grigoriy Melekhov, the protagonist of the novel “And Quiet Flows the Don”.
Author: Ivan Alexandrovich Kaleganov (1930), a resident of the Gorky Region, a worker of the Gorky automobile plant.
Co-author: A.M. Glukhov.
Material: metal (copper), stainless steel.
Size: the height is 1 m; the width is 69 sm; the pedestal is 44x44,5 sm; the weight is 87 kg.
It was put up by the author in the neighbourhood of Kalinin Village, the Rostov Region, later dismantled. Now it is kept in the State M.A. Sholokhov Museum-Reserve.
The monument bears an inscription: “Ermakov Kharlampiy Vasiliyevich. To the prototype of the protagonist of the novel “And Quiet Flows the Don”, to a dashing fine swordsman and desperately brave man. 1893-1927”. It is crowned with a pentagonal star, under the inscription there is a photo framed oval, a lance and a saber crossed. On the reverse side there is an inscription: “I bow down to you, Don steppe, like a son I kiss your sweet earth shed with the Cossack stainless blood… Sholokhov M.A.”

A sculptural composition “Ded Shchukar”. 1982.
Sculptor: Nikolay Vasiliyevich Mozhayev (1928), the Honoured Artist of the Ukrainian SSR, the Sholokhov Prize laureate.
Co-author: E.M. Mozhayeva.
Architect: V.I. Voloshin.Material: concrete, metal (copper).
Size: 1,5-full-size.
The monument was put up in Rostov-on-Don, at the embankment near the river station.

A sculptural composition “Nakhalyonok” (Bastard). 1982.
Sculptor: Nikolay Vasiliyevich Mozhayev (1928), the Honoured Artist of the Ukrainian SSR, the Sholokhov Prize laureate.
Co-author: E.M. Mozhayeva.
Architect: V.I. Voloshin.
Material: concrete, metal (copper).
Size: 1,5-full-size.
The monument was put up in Rostov-on-Don, at the embankment near the river station.

A sculptural composition “Nakhalyonok and Geese”.
Sculptor: Nikolay Vasiliyevich Mozhayev (1928), the Honoured Artist of the Ukrainian SSR, the Sholokhov Prize laureate.
Material: metal (bronze).
Size: full-size.
The monument was put up in Rostov-on-Don, near the Palace of Nuptials.

Grigoriy and Aksiniya. 1982. (A working model of the monumental decorative sculpture, Rostov-on-Don).
Sculptor: Nikolay Vasiliyevich Mozhayev (1928), the Honoured Artist of the Ukrainian SSR, the Sholokhov Prize laureate.
Co-author: E.M. Mozhayeva.
Material: organic glass.
Size: 134x179x53 sm.
It is kept in the collection of the Mozhayev Fine Art Museum, the Rostov Region.

Grigoriy and Aksiniya. 1982. (A working model,  the first variant, joined by N.V. Solodov).
Sculptor: Nikolay Vasiliyevich Mozhayev (1928), the Honoured Artist of the Ukrainian SSR, the Sholokhov Prize laureate.
It is kept in the collection of the Mityakin Local Study Museum, the Rostov Region.

A memorial sign “Eagle”. 1983.
Sculptor: Nikolay Vasiliyevich Mozhayev (1928), the Honoured Artist of the Ukrainian SSR, the Sholokhov Prize laureate.
Co-author: E.M. Mozhayeva, architect V.G. Desyatnichuk.
Material: cast iron, bronze, concrete.
Size: the height of the sculpture is 3,4 m, the height with a concrete pedestal is 7 m, the height with the piled up barrow is 14 m; the wing span is 7,7 m. The weight is 13,5 tons.
It was set up on a chalky hill near Byelogorskiy Village.
According to the sculptor eagle symbolizes the fate of the writer, his talent inspiration. The pedestal bears the words of A. Serafimovich about young Sholokhov. “I was going about the steppe… I saw a black young eaglet on the barrow. The winding dusty road ran up to the very barrow and crept round it. Suddenly the wings got wide open, - I was amazed… The wings widened enormously. The young eagle made a soft start and scarcely moving his wings sailed over the steppe. I remembered those remote times having read the novel “And Quiet Flows the Don” by Mikhail Sholokhov. The young eagle, yellow-beaked, but yet opened his wings wide”.

Grigoriy and Aksiniya. 1983. (A monumental decorative sculpture after the works by M.A. Sholokhov).
Sculptor: Nikolay Vasiliyevich Mozhayev (1928), the Honoured Artist of the Ukrainian SSR, the Sholokhov Prize laureate.
Co-author: E.M. Mozhayeva.
Architects: V.G. Desyatnichuk, V.I. Voloshin, G. Kholodnyi.
Material: metal (bronze).
Size: 2-full-size, the height is 6,5 m, the weight is 12 tons.
When the sketches of the composition “Grigoriy and Aksiniya”, were produced to M.A. Sholokhov, he advised to change the form of the pails for cylindric and to change the Arab swan-necked horse for the Don trotter.
Initially the sculptural composition was put up in 1983 in Rostov-on-Don, on the territory of the resting camp and the ship-repair plant “Priboi”, where it stayed 12 years, then, in April of 1995 it was moved to Vyoshenskaya.

A Sculptural composition “To the Cossacks of the Quiet Don”. 1994.
Sculptor: Nikolay Vasiliyevich Mozhayev (1928), the Honoured Artist of the Ukrainian SSR, the Sholokhov Prize laureate.
Architect: V.I. Voloshin.
Material: metal (bronze).
Size: 2-full-size, the figure height is 6 m; the height with the piled up barrow is 14 m; the weight is 8 tons.
The monument was set up on the piled up hill near Kruzhilin Village for the 89th anniversary of M.A. Sholokhov. The stone bears an inscription: “To the Cossacks of the Quiet Don”.

A sculptural composition “Grigoriy and Aksiniya”. 2003.
Sculptor: Serghey Pavlovich Kalchenko.
Material: reinforcing steel framework, concrete, paint.
Size: the height is 2,4 m, the length is 2,5 m, the width is 1,3 m.
It was put up in a town of Byelaya Kalitva, the Rostov Region, in the Mayakovskiy park of culture and rest, in Naberezhnaya Street.

A sculpture “Shchukar”. 2003.
Sculptor: Serghey Pavlovich Kalchenko.
Material: reinforcing steel framework, concrete, paint.
Size: the height is 1,5 m, the length is 1,1 m; the width is 0,7 m.
The monument was put up in Byelaya Kalitva, the Rostov Region, in the Mayakovskiy park of culture and rest, in Naberezhnaya Street.

A sculptural composition “Andrey Sokolov and Vanyushka”. 2005.
Sculptor: Serghey Pavlovich Kalchenko.
Material: reinforcing steel framework, concrete, paint.
Size: full-size.
It was put up on 16.09.2005  for the 100th anniversary of M.A. Sholokhov, in Uryupinsk, the Volgograd Region, in the centre of the town in Dzerzhinskiy Lane.

A composition devoted to the personages of the story by M.A. Sholokhov “the Fate of a Man”, 2005.
Sculptor: Nikolay Vasiliyevich Mozhayev (1928), the Honoured Artist of the Ukrainian SSR, the Sholokhov Prize laureate .
Material: gypsum.
Size: 2-full-size.
It is in the Palace of Culture, Stanitsa Vyoshenskaya, the Rostov Region.

Valentina Leonova