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Kruzhilin Memorial and Historic Complex

Kruzhilin is an ordinary village in the Upper Don, world-known as the native place of Mikhail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov.

From Sholokhov’s autobiography: “I was born in 1905, May, 24, in a village of Kruzhilin, Stanitsa Vyoshenskaya, the Donetsk Region (the former Don Army Region). In Kruzhilin Sholokhov spent his first five years of life

The writer’s father Alexander Mikhailovich, originated from the merchants Sholokhov from a town of Zaraisk,  the Ryazan Region, lived in Kruzhilin, worked for merchant Paramonov as bailiff, was engaged in grain purchase and resale.

The mother, Anastasiya Danilovna, Chernikova by origin, was born and lived near Kruzhilin, in a gentry estate of Yasenovka. Her forefathers early in the XIX century were brought from Ukrain, the Chernigov Region, by landowner Popov. Before her marriage Anastasiya Danilovna was a housemaid in the Popovs’ house, where the  future parents of Misha got acquainted. Alexander Mikhailovich took Anastasiya Danilovna to his place in Kruzhilin.

Now it is not known significantly, who was the founder of Kruzhilin Village: according to one version it was Grigoriy Kruzhilin, a sotnik, to the other – Kruzhilin brothers (Grigoriy, Zakhar, Ivan, Iona, Pyotr, Savva), Ivan Likhovidov and Ivan Chetverikov. The village foundation dates back to 1749.

In 1820 in Kruzhilin there were 20 estates, by the end of the XIX century there had been already 200 estates. Before the Revolution the village was governed by the elected ataman. The residents of the village were ascribed to the Troitskaya church of Stanitsa Vyoshenskaya.

On May, 3, 1881, the agents of the villages of Kruzhilin, Karghin-Kruzhilin, Maksayev and Yasenovka applied to archbishop Donskoy and Novocherkasskiy with their petition about constructing a new church in Karghin-Kruzhilin Village.

In 1885 the church was built up and consecrated. It was made of wood, on the stone foundations, having 12 bells (of which four weighed 12 poods), with a wooden fence. There was one throne – in the name of Sanctifier and Nikolay the Miracle-Worker. In 1902 the mug income was 1319 roubles and 23 kopecks.

The church was located in the centre of the village, in the square, near it there were stores, merchants’ shops and farmsteads of rich Cossacks. In 1904 the parochial school was set up. This part of the village was called “stanichka” and was more comfortable.

In the south “the stanichka” was adjoined with the Sholokhovs’ estate with a fine orchard, yard and outhouses. Next to it the estate of merchant Eletskov was situated.