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Kruzhilin Memorial and Historic Complex

A Cossack Homestead of the XIX-XX Centuries

In 2006 in the village of Kruzhilinkiy, next to the memorial estate of the Sholokhovs there was opened a new Museum site – “A Cossack Homestead of the Beginning XIX- the End of the XX Centuries”.

The reconstruction gives a good idea of the Don Cossack everyday life, which M.A. Sholokhov described in his novel “And Quiet Flows the Don”.

In the yard there is a house (kuren) with a summer kitchen (“pekarka”), icehouse, barn, stable, pen, tool shed. In the pen there are horses, bulls, cows, sheep, goats, turkeys, geese, ducks, hens.

The visitors can feed the poultry, milk the cow, heat the stove, and after a usual routine Cossack labour they can try homemade treats: jellied meat, eggs fried with bacon, cakes with honey, famous Don stewed fruit “vzvar”.

Here the folklore and ethnographic holiday “Kruzhilin Autumn” takes place, where the participants get a rare opportunity to plunge into the atmosphere of the old village life, touch the tools of that time, try on the traditional Cossack dresses. The viewers seem to be transferring into the past: they can see bulls pulling a bullock cart, a horse  harnessed to a reaper, the visitors can try to plough and harrow the earth, reap the wheat and make a sheaf, winnow the grain on the screen, grind it with the old millstones into flour, make pan-cakes.

The “Kruzhilin Autumn” is a peculiar harvest holiday, where one can learn about the Don Cossack everyday life and traditions.