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Karghin Memorial and Historic Complex

The Parochial School in Stanitsa Karghinskaya

In Karghinskaya there is preserved the parochial school, where M.A. Sholokhov studied in 1912-1914.

In the memorial classroom there is a three-seated desk, at which  young Sholokhov learned reading and writing The classroom interior was reconstructed according to the reminiscences of the writer’s classmates and old residents of the stanitsa.

In the three other halls there is an exhibition “Public Education on the Don” telling about bringing up and educating children in a Cossack family, about the way of educating children in the villages and stanitsas of the Don Army Region, and about the stages in the Soviet school development.

At the time of the would-be writer’s schooling the following subjects were taken: religion, the church – Slavonic language, the Russian language (reading, writing, grammar), sums. His classmates recollect, that in class Misha was inquisitive, confident, at the intervals he was lively and quick, liked joking and telling funny stories, what made him very popular among his classmates.

Misha’s school teacher was M.G. Kopylov. In the novel “And Quiet Flows the Don” he is introduced under his real name.

The writer did not forget his first school: in 1960, having received the Lenin Prize for the novel “Virgin Soil Upturned”, he contributed it entirely for the construction of a new school in Stanitsa Karghinskaya. From the telegram of M.A. Sholokhov to his countrymen:  “Having come to my native land I am happy to inform my dear countrymen, that the construction of a new school in Stanitsa Karghinskaya, according to the resolution of the RSFSR Council of Ministers is going to start this year. My Lenin Prize will entirely be given for the construction of a new school instead of the old one I went to long ago. My best regards to my countrymen of Karghinskaya. Yours. Mikhail Sholokhov”.

During the period of raising the school building Sholokhov closely attended to the construction matters, helped in supplying with building materials. In 1964 the new school with spacious classrooms and well-equipped studies was built. In 2003 it was named after Sholokhov.