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Museum Collection

A Present from Efim Permitin

A book “Hunting with Dog and Fowling Piece” published in 1905 was presented to M.A. Sholokhov by E.N. Permitin. A gift inscription reads about it: “To Mikhail Sholokhov, a friend, brother, passionate hunter, great writer, on the day of his famous fiftieth anniversary. It is the best of my hunting book collection. I hope for making more hunting fires in our life. E. Permitin. 24.V.55. Moscow”.

Efim Nikolayevich Permitin (8.01.1896-18.04.1971) is a Siberian writer. In 1931 he moved to Moscow and joined the USSR Union of Peasant Writers as well as the capital literary circles, where he got closer to many writers including Mikhail Alexandrovich Sholokhov. Later their acquaintance grew into a friendship of long standing. Permitin visited Sholokhov in Stanitsa Vyoshenskaya, met with him in Moscow. Efim Nikolayevich was among the few listeners of the manuscript works by M.A. Sholokhov.

The writers shared a common passion for hunting and fishing.

In 1938 Efim Nikolayevich was arrested, imprisoned for 7 years and then exiled to Kazakhstan. His wife wrote a letter to M.A. Sholokhov asking for help in liberating her husband. Mikhail Alexandrovich helped to liberate E.N. Permitin out of the exile and get a permission to return to the capital.

The situation in the literary and publishing matters of Efim Nikolayevich bettered only after Stalin’s death and Khrushchov’s report at the XX CPSU Congress.

He was recovered in the USSR Writers’ Union, became the member of its body, and the board secretary of the RSFSR Union of Writers, also he was the member of the editorial board of one of the main literary publishing houses – “Sovetsky Pisatel” (“Soviet Writer”), he entered into the editorial board of the publishing house “Trud” (“Labour”) and newspaper “Literaturnaya Rossiya” (“Literary Russia”). Permitin had been one of the editorial board of the journal “Okhota i Okhotnichiye Khozyaistvo” (“Hunting and Hunting Husbandry”) since its foundation.

Marina Pribytkova